Research shows that prevention efforts – by teachers, administrators, parents, community members, and even students – can reduce violence and improve the overall school environment.No one factor in isolation causes school violence, so stopping school violence involves using multiple prevention strategies that address the many individual, relationship, community, and societal factors that influence the likelihood of violence.CONCLUSIONS: Dating violence among middle school and high school youth must be addressed by screening risk and offering anticipatory guidance during each health maintenance visit in order to prevent victimization of youth in dating and attraction relationships.
Prevention approaches that involve the family, especially those that start early, can have substantial, long-term effects in reducing violent behavior.
The social environment of schools can influence the likelihood of violence.
These approaches teach educators effective ways to manage a classroom, resolve conflicts nonviolently, promote positive relationships between students with diverse backgrounds, and create positive student-teacher relationships so that students feel comfortable talking with teachers about violence-related issues.
Finally, by enhancing parent involvement in both academic and social aspects of their children’s school experiences – including involving parents in prevention programs – family cohesion and communication are improved.
Some school-based programs also help students know how to appropriately and safely intervene to stop an escalating violent episode between peers.
Many school-based programs and policies are also effective in helping teachers build healthy relationships, model nonviolent attitudes and behaviors, and contribute to a broader positive school climate, which in turn lowers the risk for school violence.
Prevention efforts should ultimately reduce risk factors and promote protective factors at these multiple levels of influence.
Discussions about school violence rarely include public health’s proven prevention approaches.
Healthy romantic relationships are a very important developmental experience for teens.